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Archive: Hokuei (北英)

(R) Iwai Shijaku I as Inuzuka Keno Tanetomo & (L) Nakamura Shikan II as Inuta Kobungo Yasuyori in a mitate: Series: Satomi hakkenshi no uchi ikko
Shunkôsai Hokuei ga
Artist seal: No seal
Honsei (Honya Seishichi: 本屋清七)
(H x W)
Ôban deluxe diptych nishiki-e
37.5 x 50.2 cm
Very good (deluxe edition with metallics)
Very good color and good condition (Unbacked; trimmed at far left; album and other vertical creases, especially on right side of right sheet; light soiling and rubbing, left and top edges of left sheet re-inforced on back)
Price (USD/¥):

This series of prints by Hokuei, Satomi hakkenshi no uchi ikko (One of Eight Loyal Dogs of Satomi: 里見八犬子之内一個), was inspired by Kyokutei (or Takizawa) Bakin's (1767-1848) epic yomihon novel (讀本 or 読本) Nansô Satomi Hakkenden ("The Tale of the 8 Loyal Dogs of the House of Satomi": 南總里見八犬傳), written and published serially (106 volumes!) over many years (1814-1842). Bakin lost his sight before he finished the tale and was forced to dictate the final volumes to his daughter-in-law Michi.

The saga celebrates nine generations of a fictional clan, the Satomi, especially the exploits of eight samurai, each representing a particular Confucian virtue (in order of their appearance in the drama): (孝) - filial piety or devotion; gi (義) - duty and obligation; chû (忠) - loyalty; shin (信) - faith; tei (悌) - brotherhood; jin (仁) - sympathy and benevolence; chi (知) - wisdom;and rei (礼) - courtesy). Their names are distinctive, each including the character for inu or "dog" (犬), derived from their mother Fusehime, who had given birth to the children of a demonic dog that had brought her father the head of one of his enemies. The brothers are scattered in different parts of Awa province, but are recognizable by their names, peony birthmarks (the mon or crest of the Satomi clan), and beads, each containing a kanji character for the respective eight virtues cited earlier. The brothers, corresponding in order of the virtues shown above, are: Inuzuka Shino Moritaka (犬塚 信乃 戍孝); Inukawa Sôsuke Yoshitô (犬川 荘助 義任); Inuyama Dôsetsu Tadatomo (犬山 道節 忠與); Inukai Genpachi Nobumichi (犬飼 現八 信道); Inuta Kobungo Yasuyori (犬田 小文吾 悌順); Inue Shimbei Masashi (犬江 親兵衛 仁); Inuzaka Keno Tanetomo (犬阪 毛野 胤智); and Inumura Daikaku Masanori (犬村 大角 礼儀).

The popular theaters, bunraku (puppet theater: 文楽) and kabuki, staged many adaptations of Bakin's tale, called as a class Satomi hakkenden mono ("Plays about the Eight Loyal Dogs of Satomi": 里見八犬傳物). Osaka was the first city to dramatize the story in a play called Kinkazan yuki no akebono in 1834.


The term mitate ("compare": 見立) in this context indicates that the composition was not published for a specific kabuki production.

In 1833-34, Hokuei designed several diptychs in which the agitated drawing of the waves (reminiscent of Hokusai and earlier Edo artists) animated the scenes. These are among Hokuei's more memorable compositions.

References: IBKYS-II, no. 305; WAS I-4, no. 489; KNP-6, p. 264; IKB-I, p. 98; NKE, p. 556