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Archive: Sadamasu 貞升 (later Kunimasu 國升)

Description:
(R) Kataoka Ichizô I as Tetsugadake Dazaemon and (L) Arashi Tokusaburô III as Iwagawa Jirôkichi in Sekitori senryô nobori, Ônishi Theater, Osaka
Signature:
Sadamasu ga
Seals:
No artist seal
Publisher:
No publisher seal
Date:
8/1839
Format:
(H x W)
Deluxe chûban diptych nishiki-e
24.8 x 18.1 cm
Impression:
Excellent
Condition:
Excellent color and very good condition (deluxe metallics, unbacked; lower margins trimmed to image, three small filled wormholes on each sheet, small faint smudge on Ichizô's cheek)
Price (USD/¥):
SOLD

Inquiry: KMS17

Comments:
Background

The play Sekitori senryô nobori (Rise of the 1,000 ryô wrestler: 関取千両幟) was written in nine acts by Chikamatsu Hanji (1725-83) and others for the ningyô jôruri (puppet theater: 人形淨瑠璃), premiering in 8/1767 at the Takemoto Theater, Osaka. The first kabuki performance in Osaka may have been in 8/1775 at the Kado Theater. Two patrons of rival wrestlers attempt to raise money to ransom a beautiful courtesan, Nishikigi of the Osakaya, so they wager on a match between their wrestlers. Tetsugadake Dazaemon, fearing he will lose, asks Iwagawa Jirokichi to throw the match in exchange for his help in raising the money for Iwagawa’s patron. As this would guarantee the rescue of Nishikigi, Iwagawa agrees. His wife Otowa learns of the plot, however, and cannot accept that her husband would ruin his reputation for his patron. She therefore raises the money in secret by the only means available — selling herself to a brothel. As the wrestling match is about to begin, Iwagawa is told that an anonymous source has provided the money. He is therefore free to compete unfettered, defeat his opponent, and capture his ranking. After his victory, he is shocked to learn that the donor was his wife Otowa.

Design

This diptych offers an excellent example of Sadamasu's contribution toward the development of a mature chûban-format style in Kamigata before 1842 (pre-Tenpô Reforms). Here he fills about three-quarters of the pictorial space with half-length portraits of two massive sumô wrestlers — using a compositional device that characterizes his approach toward positioning figures within the chûban format.

References: IKBYS-III, no. 121; KNP-6, p. 391; NKE, p. 566. Other: See nos. 41a-b for the Rijksmuseum impression in Jan van Doesburg's online Sadamasu catalogue (Huys den Esch website). Also see that author's articles in Andon (Bulletin of the Society for Japanese Arts), no. 10, pp. 5-9, and no. 36, pp. 111-119.