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ARCHIVE: Toyohide (豊秀)

Description:
Kataoka Gadô II (二代目片岡我童) as Sukune Tarô (宿袮太郎), Tenmangû natane no gokû, Naka no Shibai, Osaka
Signature:
Kitagawa Toyohide ga (北川豊秀画)
Seals:
Artist seal: Kitagawa (北川) ?
Publisher:
Sankai (三改)
Date:
4/1841
Format:
(H x W)
Deluxe ôban nishiki-e
37.3 x 25.4 cm
Impression:
Excellent deluxe edition with metallic printing (furikake 振掛 with simulated gold)
Condition:
Very good color and good condition (unbacked; several mild vertical creases along right edge and two other small ones below Gadô's feet, a few filled wormholes, light soil along tip and botom edges)
Price (USD/¥):
SOLD

Inquiry: THD06

Comments:
Background

Tenmangû natane no gokû (The rapeseed offering at the heaven filling shrine: 天満宮菜種御供) premiered in 4/1777 as an adaptation of earlier plays based on the life and legends surrounding Sugawara no Michizane (845-903), a celebrated scholar, poet, statesman, and calligrapher who ran afoul of the ruling Fujiwara (one of the four great clans of Japan, the others being the Tachibana, Minamoto, and Taira). He died in exile, but in 987 was deified as a Tenjin or "heavenly deity" (hence plays about him are called Tenjin mono). In the main thread of the drama, Fujiwara no Tokihira (Shihei) was a high-ranking courtier plotting to overthrow the emperor. Through deceit he gains Sugawara's trust, then frames him for the conspiracy. (Tokihira reveals the full extent of his evil character in a celebrated and unusual scene called warai no maku or "laughing curtain," in which he utters a cruel laugh as the curtain is drawn.) Sugawara is exiled to Kyûshû, where he finally learns of Tokihira's treachery. After offering his prayers, he becomes a thunder god and sends his spirit back to the capital to kill Tokihira.

A variation of this tale was presented in an earlier related drama for the puppet theater in 1746, Sugawara denju tenarai kagami (Mirror of learning & transmitting Sugawara's secrets of calligraphy: 菅原伝授手習鑑 ). Sukune Tarô, an ally of Fujiwara no Tokihira (Shihei) who is aiding the courtier in the plot against Sugawara no Michizane (Kan Shôjô), intends to assassinate the statesman. When Tarô's wife Tatsuta no Mae attempts to talk him out of his treachery, Tarô kills her and hides her body in a pond. Tarô's intrigue fails, and upon the discovery of Tatsuta no Mae's body, he is identified as his wife's murderer because he had foolishly torn a piece of cloth from his sleeve to use as a gag on his wife. In due time Tarô is slain.

Design

This is a very well-printed design, with metallic pigments and a robe patterned with images of the popular Daruma (達磨) tumbler doll (Daruma was the Indian monk who founded the Ch’an or Zen sect of Buddhism in the sixth century AD), and Ofuku ("Good fortune": 御福), a mask of a smiling older female face thought to be a charm for good fortune and longevity. Also included are bamboo, rabbits, a cat, a carp, a butterfly, a hobby horse, a fox, and pinwheels. Gadô II is placed against a decorative background of simulated gold-flecked washi.

Toyohide's documented designs, which number only around a dozen, are rarely encountered, even more so with very good color, as here.

References: IKBYS-III, no. 214